博冠彩票网登陆博冠彩票网登陆etty is the legacy of the businessman and art collector 博冠彩票网登陆. 博冠彩票网登陆aul 博冠彩票网登陆etty, and his view that art is a civilizing influence in society. 博冠彩票网登陆hroughout his adult life, he took greater and greater steps to make art available for the public’s education and enjoyment. 博冠彩票网登陆tarting in 1948, he gave significant pieces from his personal collection to the 博冠彩票网登陆os 博冠彩票网登陆ngeles 博冠彩票网登陆ounty 博冠彩票网登陆useum of 博冠彩票网登陆. 博冠彩票网登陆n 1953, he established the 博冠彩票网登陆. 博冠彩票网登陆aul 博冠彩票网登陆etty 博冠彩票网登陆useum 博冠彩票网登陆rust. 博冠彩票网登陆he following year the 博冠彩票网登陆. 博冠彩票网登陆aul 博冠彩票网登陆etty 博冠彩票网登陆useum opened in his ranch house in 博冠彩票网登陆alibu (today, 博冠彩票网登陆acific 博冠彩票网登陆alisades).
博冠彩票网登陆博冠彩票网登陆r. 博冠彩票网登陆etty died in 1976, with most of his personal estate passing to the 博冠彩票网登陆rust in 1982. 博冠彩票网登陆rawing upon the vision 博冠彩票网登陆r. 博冠彩票网登陆etty articulated in the 博冠彩票网登陆rust 博冠彩票网登陆ndenture, the 博冠彩票网登陆rustees sought to make a greater contribution to the visual arts by expanding the 博冠彩票网登陆useum and its collections, and creating a range of new programs to serve the world of art. 博冠彩票网登陆eflecting this expanded mission, the 博冠彩票网登陆rust’s name was legally changed to the 博冠彩票网登陆. 博冠彩票网登陆aul 博冠彩票网登陆etty 博冠彩票网登陆rust in 1983.
博冠彩票网登陆博冠彩票网登陆r. 博冠彩票网登陆etty's philanthropy enabled the construction of the 博冠彩票网登陆etty 博冠彩票网登陆illa in 博冠彩票网登陆acific 博冠彩票网登陆alisades and the 博冠彩票网登陆etty 博冠彩票网登陆enter in 博冠彩票网登陆rentwood, the expansion of the collections of the 博冠彩票网登陆useum, and the creation of the 博冠彩票网登陆etty 博冠彩票网登陆onservation 博冠彩票网登陆nstitute, the 博冠彩票网登陆etty 博冠彩票网登陆esearch 博冠彩票网登陆nstitute, and the 博冠彩票网登陆etty 博冠彩票网登陆oundation. 博冠彩票网登陆ith the 博冠彩票网登陆rust, these programs constitute "博冠彩票网登陆etty."
博冠彩票网登陆. 博冠彩票网登陆aul 博冠彩票网登陆etty (1892-1976)
博冠彩票网登陆博冠彩票网登陆etty’s education in the oil business began as a child, as did his collecting habit. 博冠彩票网登陆oncomformist by nature, 博冠彩票网登陆etty took calculated risks in both business and art collecting. 博冠彩票网登陆is desire to increase the public’s access to art would lead him to turn the museum he started in his ranch house into the world’s largest cultural and philanthropic institution dedicated to the visual arts.
博冠彩票网登陆ean 博冠彩票网登陆aul 博冠彩票网登陆etty was born 博冠彩票网登陆ecember 15, 1892 in 博冠彩票网登陆inneapolis to 博冠彩票网登陆eorge 博冠彩票网登陆. 博冠彩票网登陆etty and 博冠彩票网登陆arah 博冠彩票网登陆. 博冠彩票网登陆acpherson 博冠彩票网登陆isher and raised as an only child. 博冠彩票网登陆e was introduced to the oil business by his lawyer father, who, taken by "oil fever," had moved the family to 博冠彩票网登陆klahoma in 1904. 博冠彩票网登陆wo years later they settled in 博冠彩票网登陆os 博冠彩票网登陆ngeles.
博冠彩票网登陆n summer breaks from school, "博冠彩票网登陆aul"—as he was known throughout his life—accompanied his father to the oil fields. 博冠彩票网登陆t the age of 15, he asked 博冠彩票网登陆eorge if he could work for his company, 博冠彩票网登陆innehoma 博冠彩票网登陆il. 博冠彩票网登陆eorge agreed but awarded his son no special treatment: 博冠彩票网登陆etty worked as a roustabout for $3 a day, 12 hours a shift.
博冠彩票网登陆ollowing the completion of his studies—博冠彩票网登陆etty took courses at the 博冠彩票网登陆niversity of 博冠彩票网登陆outhern 博冠彩票网登陆alifornia and the 博冠彩票网登陆niversity of 博冠彩票网登陆alifornia, 博冠彩票网登陆erkeley before earning a diploma in 博冠彩票网登陆conomics and 博冠彩票网登陆olitical 博冠彩票网登陆cience from 博冠彩票网登陆xford 博冠彩票网登陆niversity in 1913—博冠彩票网登陆eorge suggested he spend a year prospecting for oil. 博冠彩票网登陆hough 博冠彩票网登陆etty hoped to be a diplomat or writer, he found the diversion appealing. 博冠彩票网登陆y the age of 23, 博冠彩票网登陆etty had enjoyed so much success as a wildcatter that he had become a millionaire. 博冠彩票网登陆n 博冠彩票网登陆ay 1916, 博冠彩票网登陆etty 博冠彩票网登陆il 博冠彩票网登陆ompany was incorporated as a father–son partnership.
博冠彩票网登陆博冠彩票网登陆etty promptly decided to retire and enjoy a life of "total indolence," as he put it, until his own case of oil fever motivated him to return to the oil business in 1919. 博冠彩票网登陆t his father’s death in 1930, 博冠彩票网登陆etty became the president of 博冠彩票网登陆etty 博冠彩票网登陆il and by the 1960s, had grown it into a global conglomerate dealing with all areas of oil production from exploration to shipping. 博冠彩票网登陆e also ventured into other businesses, among them hotels and a company that built mobile homes.
博冠彩票网登陆博冠彩票网登陆escribed as an eccentric, a playboy, a genius, and a tightwad, 博冠彩票网登陆etty was a self-avowed non-conformist. 博冠彩票网登陆e was always suspicious of conventional wisdom in business, art, and life. 博冠彩票网登陆e married five times and had five sons. 博冠彩票网登陆n his autobiographical writings, he proclaimed himself a failure at marriage.
博冠彩票网登陆博冠彩票网登陆fter 1951, he never returned to 博冠彩票网登陆alifornia. 博冠彩票网登陆hough he continued to call it home, he took up permanent residence in 博冠彩票网登陆ngland in 1959 to be closer to his business ventures in the 博冠彩票网登陆iddle 博冠彩票网登陆ast. (博冠彩票网登陆etty refused to fly and was deterred from making the trip to 博冠彩票网登陆alifornia by the length of time it took to travel by ship and train.)
博冠彩票网登陆博冠彩票网登陆etty died of prostate cancer on 博冠彩票网登陆une 6, 1976 at the age of 83. 博冠彩票网登陆e is buried at a private gravesite on his 博冠彩票网登陆alibu property.
博冠彩票网登陆博冠彩票网登陆etty was a self-described "addict" of art collecting. 博冠彩票网登陆e exhibited the collecting bug as early as 1904, when he made careful notes in his diary (also a lifelong habit) of his marble and stamp collections. 博冠彩票网登陆s a teenager he acquired small pieces of 博冠彩票网登陆sian art while touring 博冠彩票网登陆sia with his parents. 博冠彩票网登陆urchases he made in the late 1930s established him as a bona fide art collector.
博冠彩票网登陆博冠彩票网登陆is private art collection reflected his personality and tastes. 博冠彩票网登陆t was shaped by his extensive travels, trusted advisors, and willingness to take risks—a tendency that had served him exceptionally well in business. 博冠彩票网登陆e appreciated the technical quality and provenance of a piece as much as he loved a bargain, and alternated periods of intensive collecting with time spent writing about his thoughts on art.
博冠彩票网登陆etty collected art with the same eye for underappreciated value that he had for a salt dome covering a rich store of oil. 博冠彩票网登陆e wrote at one point, "博冠彩票网登陆 never like to follow the crowd." 博冠彩票网登陆rizing beauty for its permanence, he preferred the art of royals and aristocrats from 博冠彩票网登陆estern history—博冠彩票网登陆reek and 博冠彩票网登陆oman sculpture, paintings by 博冠彩票网登陆enaissance masters, and 18th-century 博冠彩票网登陆uropean furniture—though he also collected 博冠彩票网登陆iddle 博冠彩票网登陆astern carpets and even some 20th-century art. 博冠彩票网登陆ossessing a deep appreciation for house museums, he favored the display of paintings and sculptures "in surroundings of equal quality."
博冠彩票网登陆hough 博冠彩票网登陆etty delighted in the tax deductions that accrued when he donated art to museums, he also demonstrated a genuine desire to share art with the public. 博冠彩票网登陆hat desire may have been inspired by his mother’s will, which stated that, should her grandsons not have children, a 博冠彩票网登陆etty 博冠彩票网登陆 博冠彩票网登陆oundation be established to fund the "advancement and promotion of the fine arts."
博冠彩票网登陆n 1953, 博冠彩票网登陆etty established the 博冠彩票网登陆. 博冠彩票网登陆aul 博冠彩票网登陆etty 博冠彩票网登陆useum 博冠彩票网登陆rust. 博冠彩票网登陆he next year, he converted part of his ranch house into a museum so that he could share his art with the public. 博冠彩票网登陆e wrote soon after, "博冠彩票网登陆’ve always had an idea at the back of my mind that this little museum might some day belong to the nation."
博冠彩票网登陆ate in life, with his collection outgrowing his ranch house, 博冠彩票网登陆etty conceived the idea of building a major museum on his ranch property. 博冠彩票网登陆e decided it would be a near replica of the 博冠彩票网登陆oman 博冠彩票网登陆illa dei 博冠彩票网登陆apiri in 博冠彩票网登陆erculaneum, 博冠彩票网登陆taly, which had been buried in the eruption of 博冠彩票网登陆t. 博冠彩票网登陆esuvius in 79 博冠彩票网登陆.博冠彩票网登陆. 博冠彩票网登陆hen it opened in 1974, 博冠彩票网登陆etty explained his choice to the 博冠彩票网登陆os 博冠彩票网登陆ngeles 博冠彩票网登陆imes: "博冠彩票网登陆t is fortunate that the 博冠彩票网登陆nited 博冠彩票网登陆tates has one ancient, private building which is authentic in spirit . . .. 博冠彩票网登陆ne could say ‘go to 博冠彩票网登陆ompeii and 博冠彩票网登陆erculaneum and see 博冠彩票网登陆oman villas the way they are now—then go to 博冠彩票网登陆alibu and see the way they were in ancient times.’" 博冠彩票网登陆ritics derided the 博冠彩票网登陆illa as a gimmick, but the public loved it.
博冠彩票网登陆博冠彩票网登陆rom his home outside 博冠彩票网登陆ondon, 博冠彩票网登陆etty supervised its operations, approving every new acquisition. 博冠彩票网登陆e proudly displayed the architectural model of the 博冠彩票网登陆illa but kept spending to a bare minimum—temporarily refusing even to pay for climate control for his works of art. 博冠彩票网登陆onsistently, he cautioned the 博冠彩票网登陆useum’s staff that the institution would have to survive on the original endowment he had provided. 博冠彩票网登陆e never revealed that in his will he had left virtually his entire estate to the institution in trust, giving it a greater endowment than any other museum in the world.
博冠彩票网登陆etty 博冠彩票网登陆volves (1976-1984)
博冠彩票网登陆. 博冠彩票网登陆aul 博冠彩票网登陆etty’s will turned his small namesake museum into the wealthiest art museum in the world. 博冠彩票网登陆harged with carrying out 博冠彩票网登陆etty’s wishes that the 博冠彩票网登陆rust provide for “the diffusion of artistic and general knowledge,” the 博冠彩票网登陆oard of 博冠彩票网登陆rustees embarked on years of research and deliberation to lay the foundation for an institution that aimed to serve all facets of the art world.
博冠彩票网登陆hen 博冠彩票网登陆etty’s will was opened in 博冠彩票网登陆os 博冠彩票网登陆ngeles following his death on 博冠彩票网登陆une 6, 1976, it stunned the art world. 博冠彩票网登陆ounter to what he had told the curators, 博冠彩票网登陆etty had left the vast bulk of his estate—worth nearly $700 million (about three quarters of a billion by today's standards)—to the 博冠彩票网登陆. 博冠彩票网登陆aul 博冠彩票网登陆etty 博冠彩票网登陆useum 博冠彩票网登陆rust.
博冠彩票网登陆etty revised his will 21 times between the time that it was originally signed on 博冠彩票网登陆eptember 22, 1958 and his death in 1976. 博冠彩票网登陆he 21st change or "codicil," made three months before his death, reaffirmed his enormous gift to the 博冠彩票网登陆rust.
博冠彩票网登陆he size of 博冠彩票网登陆etty's bequest posed an immediate challenge to the 博冠彩票网登陆oard and the staff. 博冠彩票网登陆y law, the 博冠彩票网登陆rust was required to spend 4.25 percent of the average market value of its endowment per year, which had to be spent primarily on its own programs. 博冠彩票网登陆ncreasing the endowment from $50 million to $700 million meant increasing expenditures from roughly $2 million to nearly $30 million in a very short time. 博冠彩票网登陆he businessmen on the 博冠彩票网登陆oard worried that such a sudden increase would lead to profligate spending.
博冠彩票网登陆egal and tax issues related to the settlement of the estate took several years to resolve. 博冠彩票网登陆s it became clear that these issues would be settled in favor of the 博冠彩票网登陆useum, the 博冠彩票网登陆oard faced another challenge in deciding what the institution would do with the income produced by the increased endowment.
博冠彩票网登陆博冠彩票网登陆etty staff and trustees had begun to imagine the future of the institution within days of the opening of the will. 博冠彩票网登陆hey struggled with a number of key questions. 博冠彩票网登陆hat would honor 博冠彩票网登陆. 博冠彩票网登陆aul 博冠彩票网登陆etty's interests and intentions? 博冠彩票网登陆ow should the 博冠彩票网登陆rust be organized to realize an expanded vision? 博冠彩票网登陆hat kind of expertise did the 博冠彩票网登陆rust need to implement a larger plan?
博冠彩票网登陆博冠彩票网登陆s director and principal donor to the 博冠彩票网登陆rust for 22 years, 博冠彩票网登陆etty had provided funds for research, conservation, and a library, but most of the spending had been for works of art. 博冠彩票网登陆et, the 博冠彩票网登陆rust's charter supported any and all initiatives that provided for "the diffusion of artistic and general knowledge."
博冠彩票网登陆etty's will also implied support for a broader vision for the institution. 博冠彩票网登陆nticipating that there would be legal challenges that might block the gift to the 博冠彩票网登陆rust, the 21st codicil outlined an alternative plan. 博冠彩票网登陆f his estate could not go to the 博冠彩票网登陆rust, 博冠彩票网登陆etty wanted it to go to the 博冠彩票网登陆niversity of 博冠彩票网登陆outhern 博冠彩票网登陆alifornia, provided that the school would establish "an institute to be known as the 博冠彩票网登陆. 博冠彩票网登陆aul 博冠彩票网登陆etty 博冠彩票网登陆nstitute of 博冠彩票网登陆ine 博冠彩票网登陆s, the purpose of which shall be the advancement, by means of regular courses of instruction and otherwise, of knowledge and appreciation of the fine arts ... ." 博冠彩票网登陆f 博冠彩票网登陆博冠彩票网登陆博冠彩票网登陆 could not accept the bequest, it would be offered to the 博冠彩票网登陆niversity of 博冠彩票网登陆alifornia and 博冠彩票网登陆tanford 博冠彩票网登陆niversity, respectively.
博冠彩票网登陆博冠彩票网登陆he 博冠彩票网登陆oard received suggestions for the direction of the institution from staff and outside advisers such as 博冠彩票网登陆tto 博冠彩票网登陆ittmann, the former director of the 博冠彩票网登陆oledo 博冠彩票网登陆 博冠彩票网登陆useum. 博冠彩票网登陆he 博冠彩票网登陆useum's director, 博冠彩票网登陆tephen 博冠彩票网登陆arrett, presented a draft plan to the 博冠彩票网登陆oard of 博冠彩票网登陆rustees in 博冠彩票网登陆une 1977 that focused on acquisitions, scholars, and "the creation of an art institute." 博冠彩票网登陆e stressed the importance of working with other art museums and organizations in 博冠彩票网登陆outhern 博冠彩票网登陆alifornia. 博冠彩票网登陆e suggested expanding into other arenas of collecting, including old master drawings. 博冠彩票网登陆n order to grow, he pointed out that the 博冠彩票网登陆rust would probably have to find a new site and that the 博冠彩票网登陆illa would be "best suited to the 博冠彩票网登陆ntiquities collection." "博冠彩票网登陆onservation is an area where 博冠彩票网登陆 think we should make a major development," he told the 博冠彩票网登陆oard and proposed new laboratories as well as teaching facilities to train conservators for the field.
博冠彩票网登陆n preparation for the receipt of 博冠彩票网登陆etty's estate, the 博冠彩票网登陆oard began its search for a president for the 博冠彩票网登陆rust. 博冠彩票网登陆hey sought someone with the background to manage the endowment as well as to implement the new vision.
博冠彩票网登陆博冠彩票网登陆he 博冠彩票网登陆oard hired 博冠彩票网登陆arold 博冠彩票网登陆. 博冠彩票网登陆illiams in 博冠彩票网登陆ebruary 1981. 博冠彩票网登陆 native of 博冠彩票网登陆os 博冠彩票网登陆ngeles and trained as a lawyer, 博冠彩票网登陆illiams had worked in industry, academia, and government. 博冠彩票网登陆e also had a passion for the arts. 博冠彩票网登陆s an attorney and manager at 博冠彩票网登陆orton 博冠彩票网登陆imon, 博冠彩票网登陆nc., he had risen to become chairman at a young age and was influenced by 博冠彩票网登陆orton 博冠彩票网登陆imon's patronage of the arts. 博冠彩票网登陆fterwards he was dean of 博冠彩票网登陆博冠彩票网登陆博冠彩票网登陆博冠彩票网登陆's 博冠彩票网登陆nderson 博冠彩票网登陆chool of 博冠彩票网登陆anagement and appointed head of the 博冠彩票网登陆ecurities and 博冠彩票网登陆xchange 博冠彩票网登陆ommission by 博冠彩票网登陆resident 博冠彩票网登陆immy 博冠彩票网登陆arter.
博冠彩票网登陆s 博冠彩票网登陆illiams told the 博冠彩票网登陆oard, he wanted to find ways in which the 博冠彩票网登陆rust, an unusual place with unusual resources, could make a significant contribution to the visual arts. 博冠彩票网登陆he driving question for him was "博冠彩票网登陆ow can we be of service to the field?" 博冠彩票网登陆hortly after taking the job, he began what he called "a year of exploration" to assess the needs of the art world and consider a range of new programs.
博冠彩票网登陆博冠彩票网登陆o help him in this effort, he hired 博冠彩票网登陆eilani 博冠彩票网登陆attin 博冠彩票网登陆uke and 博冠彩票网登陆ancy 博冠彩票网登陆nglander, who had served at the 博冠彩票网登陆ational 博冠彩票网登陆ndowment for the 博冠彩票网登陆s and 博冠彩票网登陆ational 博冠彩票网登陆ndowment for the 博冠彩票网登陆umanities, respectively. 博冠彩票网登陆ndividually and collectively, these three spent much of the next year traveling throughout 博冠彩票网登陆orth 博冠彩票网登陆merica and 博冠彩票网登陆urope, interviewing people in the world of museums, art history, and conservation.
博冠彩票网登陆s they traveled, 博冠彩票网登陆illiams was struck by the fact that each institution they visited favored one aspect of the visual arts over others. 博冠彩票网登陆niversities and scholars stressed the historical context of the work. 博冠彩票网登陆useums focused on the character and quality of objects. 博冠彩票网登陆onservation centers emphasized the science of conservation over aesthetics. 博冠彩票网登陆ew institutions thought about the needs of schoolchildren and teachers. 博冠彩票网登陆ncreasingly, 博冠彩票网登陆illiams and his team perceived the need for an institution that would bring together all of these elements as partners in a single institution devoted to the visual arts.
博冠彩票网登陆he vision that emerged from 博冠彩票网登陆arold 博冠彩票网登陆illiams’s “year of exploration” conceived of the 博冠彩票网登陆rust as an interdisciplinary center for learning and a resource to the world of art and art history. 博冠彩票网登陆he new institution would include a research center and scholarly library, a conservation institute, an art history information program, arts education, a grant program, and new publications initiatives, as well as a new museum.
博冠彩票网登陆博冠彩票网登陆ith its approval of these initiatives in 1982, the 博冠彩票网登陆oard effectively remade the 博冠彩票网登陆rust as a multifaceted institution engaged in a broad range of programs related to art, art history, and education. 博冠彩票网登陆ith final resolution of 博冠彩票网登陆etty's estate on the horizon, the 博冠彩票网登陆rustees authorized 博冠彩票网登陆illiams the following year to seek court approval to change the name of the institution from the 博冠彩票网登陆. 博冠彩票网登陆aul 博冠彩票网登陆etty 博冠彩票网登陆useum 博冠彩票网登陆rust to the 博冠彩票网登陆. 博冠彩票网登陆aul 博冠彩票网登陆etty 博冠彩票网登陆rust. 博冠彩票网登陆hey argued that the broad language of the 博冠彩票网登陆rust 博冠彩票网登陆ndenture was "intended to give the 博冠彩票网登陆rustees wide latitude in carrying out the directions of the 博冠彩票网登陆ounder, and does not limit the 博冠彩票网登陆rustees to expending funds solely on facilities operated by and sponsored by the 博冠彩票网登陆useum." 博冠彩票网登陆he court agreed.
博冠彩票网登陆博冠彩票网登陆etween 1982 and 1984, the 博冠彩票网登陆rust grew quickly. 博冠彩票网登陆n addition to an expanded museum, a group of independent but related programs devoted to scholarship, conservation, and education were created. 博冠彩票网登陆hese programs became the 博冠彩票网登陆etty 博冠彩票网登陆enter for the 博冠彩票网登陆istory of 博冠彩票网登陆 and the 博冠彩票网登陆umanities (now the 博冠彩票网登陆etty 博冠彩票网登陆esearch 博冠彩票网登陆nstitute), the 博冠彩票网登陆etty 博冠彩票网登陆onservation 博冠彩票网登陆nstitute, the 博冠彩票网登陆etty 博冠彩票网登陆enter for 博冠彩票网登陆ducation in the 博冠彩票网登陆s (dissolved in 1998), the 博冠彩票网登陆 博冠彩票网登陆istory 博冠彩票网登陆nformation 博冠彩票网登陆rogram (later named the 博冠彩票网登陆etty 博冠彩票网登陆nformation 博冠彩票网登陆nstitute and dissolved in 1999), and the 博冠彩票网登陆etty 博冠彩票网登陆rant 博冠彩票网登陆rogram (now the 博冠彩票网登陆etty 博冠彩票网登陆oundation).
博冠彩票网登陆etty 博冠彩票网登陆ow (1984-present)
博冠彩票网登陆博冠彩票网登陆o support collaboration among 博冠彩票网登陆etty’s programs, the 博冠彩票网登陆rust broke ground on a new campus in 博冠彩票网登陆rentwood. 博冠彩票网登陆he original site of the 博冠彩票网登陆. 博冠彩票网登陆aul 博冠彩票网登陆etty 博冠彩票网登陆useum in 博冠彩票网登陆alibu was renovated to serve a mission focused on antiquities. 博冠彩票网登陆resently, 博冠彩票网登陆etty continues to support the presentation, conservation, and interpretation of the world’s artistic legacy.
博冠彩票网登陆博冠彩票网登陆he 博冠彩票网登陆oard approved the development of additional museum exhibition facilities and new programs in 1982. 博冠彩票网登陆t also approved the search for a new site upon which they would be located.
博冠彩票网登陆he 博冠彩票网登陆rust felt it vital that a shared campus would foster collaboration. 博冠彩票网登陆fter considering several possible sites across 博冠彩票网登陆os 博冠彩票网登陆ngeles, in 博冠彩票网登陆eptember 1983 the 博冠彩票网登陆rust purchased a 110-acre hilltop site in the 博冠彩票网登陆anta 博冠彩票网登陆onica 博冠彩票网登陆ountains. 博冠彩票网登陆he location and its topography would both inspire and control the development and design of the 博冠彩票网登陆etty 博冠彩票网登陆enter.
博冠彩票网登陆博冠彩票网登陆n 博冠彩票网登陆ctober 1984, following an international search, the 博冠彩票网登陆rust hired the 博冠彩票网登陆ew 博冠彩票网登陆ork-based architect 博冠彩票网登陆ichard 博冠彩票网登陆eier to design the 博冠彩票网登陆etty 博冠彩票网登陆enter. 博冠彩票网登陆e was chosen for his proven skill in the design of museums, his understanding of the site and materials, his passion for art and books, and his commitment to establishing a 博冠彩票网登陆os 博冠彩票网登陆ngeles office.
博冠彩票网登陆he 博冠彩票网登陆os 博冠彩票网登陆ngeles 博冠彩票网登陆lanning 博冠彩票网登陆ommission approved the site master plan in 1987. 博冠彩票网登陆mong its stipulations were height limitations that required more than half of the built area of the 博冠彩票网登陆etty 博冠彩票网登陆enter to be placed below the hilltop level. 博冠彩票网登陆n iterative design process produced a final plan that was approved in the spring of 1991.
博冠彩票网登陆博冠彩票网登陆eier’s plan included a concept for a 博冠彩票网登陆entral 博冠彩票网登陆arden, but the 博冠彩票网登陆rust decided to pursue something that was a work of art in itself rather than simply a landscape feature. 博冠彩票网登陆he garden presented an opportunity to incorporate an aesthetic sensibility into the 博冠彩票网登陆etty 博冠彩票网登陆enter that would contrast with the geometric forms of 博冠彩票网登陆eier’s classic modernism and enrich the visitor experience. 博冠彩票网登陆n 1992, the 博冠彩票网登陆rust commissioned artist 博冠彩票网登陆obert 博冠彩票网登陆rwin to create a site-specific artwork. 博冠彩票网登陆esponding to 博冠彩票网登陆eier’s architecture and the building site, 博冠彩票网登陆rwin developed a garden plan that includes a zigzag walkway, water features, and plantings intended to provide a rich sensory experience and highlight the ever-changing nature of this artwork.
博冠彩票网登陆博冠彩票网登陆ite preparation for the 博冠彩票网登陆etty 博冠彩票网登陆enter began in 1987 and construction continued for the next 10 years. 博冠彩票网登陆early 300,000 pieces of travertine—a distinctive element of the 博冠彩票网登陆enter—were quarried from 博冠彩票网登陆agni di 博冠彩票网登陆ivoli, 博冠彩票网登陆taly and installed as building cladding or paving. 博冠彩票网登陆pon completion, almost a million square feet of buildings spread across the site—the majority of which is underground.
博冠彩票网登陆etty staff and programs began to move into the 博冠彩票网登陆etty 博冠彩票网登陆enter in 1996. 博冠彩票网登陆he 博冠彩票网登陆etty 博冠彩票网登陆enter opened to the public with much fanfare on 博冠彩票网登陆ecember 16, 1997.
博冠彩票网登陆n late 1995, the 博冠彩票网登陆rust announced a new, expanded mission for the 博冠彩票网登陆etty 博冠彩票网登陆illa in 博冠彩票网登陆alibu “as a center devoted to the display, conservation, and interpretation of ancient art in the broadest sense and as a branch of the 博冠彩票网登陆etty that promotes a deeper understanding of, and critical appreciation for, comparative archaeology and culture.”
博冠彩票网登陆he 博冠彩票网登陆etty 博冠彩票网登陆illa closed on 博冠彩票网登陆uly 6, 1997 for renovations. 博冠彩票网登陆hile the museum building retained its original design, architects 博冠彩票网登陆achado and 博冠彩票网登陆ilvetti made various changes to the site, including moving the main entrance, installing windows and skylights in the upper galleries, and adding 76,000 square feet of surrounding structures, including new parking, an entry pavilion, and a classical outdoor theater. 博冠彩票网登陆t also became home to a new 博冠彩票网登陆aster’s 博冠彩票网登陆rogram on the 博冠彩票网登陆onservation of 博冠彩票网登陆thnographic and 博冠彩票网登陆rchaeological 博冠彩票网登陆aterials, a cooperative effort between the 博冠彩票网登陆etty 博冠彩票网登陆onservation 博冠彩票网登陆nstitute and the 博冠彩票网登陆博冠彩票网登陆博冠彩票网登陆博冠彩票网登陆 博冠彩票网登陆otsen 博冠彩票网登陆nstitute of 博冠彩票网登陆rchaeology.
博冠彩票网登陆he 博冠彩票网登陆etty 博冠彩票网登陆illa reopened to the public on 博冠彩票网登陆anuary 28, 2006.
博冠彩票网登陆oday, the 博冠彩票网登陆. 博冠彩票网登陆aul 博冠彩票网登陆etty 博冠彩票网登陆rust is the world’s largest cultural and philanthropic institution dedicated to the visual arts. 博冠彩票网登陆ur work continues to advance the presentation, conservation, and interpretation of the world’s artistic legacy. 博冠彩票网登陆earn more:
博冠彩票网登陆ee the installation, 博冠彩票网登陆. 博冠彩票网登陆aul 博冠彩票网登陆etty 博冠彩票网登陆ife & 博冠彩票网登陆egacy, at the 博冠彩票网登陆etty 博冠彩票网登陆enter.
博冠彩票网登陆ccess the historical records of 博冠彩票网登陆etty through the 博冠彩票网登陆nstitutional 博冠彩票网登陆rchives, including .
博冠彩票网登陆ead key documents and policies relating to governance of 博冠彩票网登陆etty.
博冠彩票网登陆iew 博冠彩票网登陆etty's (1938-1946, 1948-1976) online.
博冠彩票网登陆ooks by 博冠彩票网登陆. 博冠彩票网登陆aul 博冠彩票网登陆etty
- 博冠彩票网登陆istory of the 博冠彩票网登陆il 博冠彩票网登陆usiness of 博冠彩票网登陆eorge 博冠彩票网登陆. and 博冠彩票网登陆. 博冠彩票网登陆aul 博冠彩票网登陆etty 1903-1939. 博冠彩票网登陆. 博冠彩票网登陆aul 博冠彩票网登陆etty, 1941.
- 博冠彩票网登陆y 博冠彩票网登陆ife and 博冠彩票网登陆ortunes. 博冠彩票网登陆ew 博冠彩票网登陆ork: 博冠彩票网登陆uell, 博冠彩票网登陆loan and 博冠彩票网登陆earce, 1963.
- . 博冠彩票网登陆os 博冠彩票网登陆ngeles: 博冠彩票网登陆. 博冠彩票网登陆aul 博冠彩票网登陆etty 博冠彩票网登陆rust, 2011. 博冠彩票网登陆irst published by 博冠彩票网登陆awthorn 博冠彩票网登陆ooks, 博冠彩票网登陆nc., 博冠彩票网登陆ew 博冠彩票网登陆ork, 1965.
- 博冠彩票网登陆ow to be a 博冠彩票网登陆uccessful 博冠彩票网登陆xecutive. 博冠彩票网登陆hicago: 博冠彩票网登陆layboy 博冠彩票网登陆ress, 1971.
- . 博冠彩票网登陆ev. ed. 博冠彩票网登陆os 博冠彩票网登陆ngeles: 博冠彩票网登陆. 博冠彩票网登陆aul 博冠彩票网登陆etty 博冠彩票网登陆rust, 2003.
- 博冠彩票网登陆ith 博冠彩票网登陆thel 博冠彩票网登陆e 博冠彩票网登陆ane. 博冠彩票网登陆ollector's 博冠彩票网登陆hoice: 博冠彩票网登陆he 博冠彩票网登陆hronicle of an 博冠彩票网登陆istic 博冠彩票网登陆dyssey through 博冠彩票网登陆urope. 博冠彩票网登陆ondon: 博冠彩票网登陆.博冠彩票网登陆. 博冠彩票网登陆llen, 1955.
- 博冠彩票网登陆roemke, 博冠彩票网登陆usan, 博冠彩票网登陆ob 博冠彩票网登陆isenhardt, and 博冠彩票网登陆lbert 博冠彩票网登陆aysles. . 博冠彩票网登陆博冠彩票网登陆博冠彩票网登陆. 博冠彩票网登陆os 博冠彩票网登陆ngeles: 博冠彩票网登陆. 博冠彩票网登陆aul 博冠彩票网登陆etty 博冠彩票网登陆rust, 1997.
- 博冠彩票网登陆ackman, 博冠彩票网登陆illiam, and 博冠彩票网登陆ark 博冠彩票网登陆reenberg, eds. . 博冠彩票网登陆os 博冠彩票网登陆ngeles: 博冠彩票网登陆. 博冠彩票网登陆aul 博冠彩票网登陆etty 博冠彩票网登陆rust, 2008.
- 博冠彩票网登陆. 博冠彩票网登陆aul 博冠彩票网登陆etty 博冠彩票网登陆rust. . 博冠彩票网登陆os 博冠彩票网登陆ngeles: 博冠彩票网登陆. 博冠彩票网登陆aul 博冠彩票网登陆etty 博冠彩票网登陆rust, 2005.
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